What is Metabolic Syndrome?
- Central obesity with waist circumference greater than 35 inches (89 cm) for women and 40 inches (102 cm) for men. See below for ethnic-specific cutoffs.
- Triglyceride level of 150 mg/dL (1.7 mmol/L) or higher, or you’re receiving treatment for high triglycerides.
- Low HDL cholesterol (“good” cholesterol) — less than 40 mg/dL (1.04 mmol/L) in men or less than 50 mg/dL (1.3 mmol/L) in women, or if you’re receiving treatment for low HDL, such as taking the drug Niacin.
- Increased blood pressure, meaning a systolic (top number) blood pressure measurement of 130 mm Hg or more or a diastolic (bottom number) blood pressure measurement of 85 mm Hg or more.
- Elevated fasting blood sugar (blood glucose) of 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) or higher, or you’re receiving treatment for high blood sugar.